How to choose Right face masks in this Covid-19

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COVID-19 is spread primarily by the small droplets expelled during a sneeze or cough but can even be transferred by normal exhalation or speaking in close proximity, using covid-19 essentials as wearing masks, alongside gloves and appropriate hand washing, are a basic method to give yourself the most obvious opportunity with regards to remaining safe and of doing your part for the more noteworthy general wellbeing battle against this infection.

You may have heard a lot recently about using face masks to prevent infection.

So, are face masks effective and if so, when should you wear them? Read on to learn the answers to this question and more.

How to choose Right face masks in this Covid-19

When you hear about face masks for COVID-19 prevention, it’s generally three types:

1.Home made cloth face mask

Cloth face coverings fashioned from household items or made at home from common materials at low cost can be used as an additional, voluntary public health measure.

The CDC(Centre of Disease control) recommends that members of the public use simple cloth face coverings when in a public setting to slow the spread of the virus, since this will help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.

Wear cloth face masks in public settings, especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

Don’t put cloth face masks on “children under the age of 2, people who have trouble breathing, people who are unconscious, or people who are unable to remove the mask on their own”.

It is highly imperative to wash homemade cloth masks after every use. When removing, be careful not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth. Wash hands immediately after removing.

2. Surgical masks

Surgical masks are made in different thicknesses and with different ability to protect you from contact with liquids. These properties may also affect how easily you can breathe through the face mask and how well the surgical mask protects you.

If worn properly, a surgical mask is meant to help block large-particle droplets, splashes, sprays, or splatter that may contain germs (viruses and bacteria), keeping it from reaching your mouth and nose. Surgical masks may also help reduce exposure of your saliva and respiratory secretions to others.
  • protect the wearer from sprays, splashes, and large-particle droplets
  • prevent the spread of potentially infectious respiratory secretions from the wearer to others

3.N95 respirators

An N95 respirator is a respiratory protective device designed to achieve a very close facial fit and very efficient filtration of airborne particles. Note that the edges of the respirator are designed to form a seal around the nose and mouth.

Surgical N95 Respirators are commonly used in healthcare settings,They are tested for fluid resistance, filtration efficiency (particulate filtration efficiency and bacterial filtration efficiency), flammability and bio compatibility.

Some types may have an attachment called an exhalation valve, which can help with breathing and the buildup of heat and humidity.

N95 respirators aren’t one-size-fits-all. They actually must be fit-tested before use to make sure that a proper seal is formed. If the mask doesn’t seal effectively to your face, you won’t receive the appropriate protection

Due to their tight fit, N95 respirators can become uncomfortable and stuffy, making them difficult to wear for extended periods of time.

General N95 Respirator Precautions

People with chronic respiratory, cardiac, or other medical conditions that make breathing difficult should check with their health care provider before using an N95 respirator because the N95 respirator can make it more difficult for the wearer to breathe.

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus by committing preventive actions, such as hand washing and maintaining at least 6 feet of social distancing, to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases.

sources : cdc,

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